The Problems between Honk Kong and China
The struggle of Honk Kong to overthrow Chinese rule is no new news. The population of Hong Kong has been fighting over it’s right to self-governance for decades, the last decade being a highlight due to pro-independence movements. Ever since the Chinese government sensed the threat to their governance a few years ago, it has been taking drastic steps to retain its rule over HongKong. The new Security Law implemented by China in Hong Kong is another example of the same. The new law has kept the privacy and security of the nationals at the hands of the au
thorities, and rights are being stripped away to give more control to the government. Before dwelling more into the nature of the new Security law, let's have a look at the history of both nations.
History of Hong Kong
Hong Kong first came under colonial rule under the British in 1841. The rule of 156 years ended on June 30, 1997. But that doesn’t imply that the country was free. The Chinese saw this as an opportunity to request the United Nations to revert HongKong to Chinese sovereignty. After a formal handover ceremony on July 1, the colony became the Hong Kong special administrative region of the People's Republic of China. Though there was opposition, the Chinese government succeeded in doing so by showing the country the prospects of a better future. Then the Chinese promised Hong Kong with 50 years of limited autonomy which was called "One Country, Two Systems." Just like Jammu and Kashmir, Hong Kong had a mini-constitution, which protected civil rights to take precedence over Beijing's governance until 2047.
The population of Hong Kong has been revolting against the unjust rule of China since 2014 and the intensity has increased a lot in the past two years. Reacting to the same, to secure its rule over the territory. The Chinese revealed last week that Beijing will be setting up its national security agency to prosecute cases on Hong Kong soil. The cases will no longer be beholden to Hong Kong's mini-constitution. China’s government would also appoint an adviser to supervise the local Hong Kong administration on national security issues.
Beijing explains this move as a security concern, but popular belief is that this law will give unlimited power to the government to imprison anyone who stands against them. The law says ‘Those found guilty of the highest degree of subversion, secession, foreign interference or terrorism could face life imprisonment’. In reality, anyone who stands against the rule can be imprisoned without a warrant. Alan Leong, a former chair of Hong Kong's bar association and chair of Hong Kong's Civic Party said that
"The legal firewall, if you like, that separates the two systems [of Hong Kong and Beijing] is now gone". China defended it by arguing such a measure is needed to restore stability to Hong Kong, but in reality, the law is put into place to ensure that no one stands up against the unjust rule of China and they can maintain their rule at ease. The government is insuring its dominance keeping the security, privacy and rights of people at stake.